An essay about the AFL and how they handled dissidents.
Originally appeared in Labor History Volume 35, Issue 2, 1994
The background and script to A Martyr to His Cause, the first labor film, made in 1911 in defense of the McNamara brothers,who were accused of bombing the Los Angeles Times during a labor dispute.
Jeremy Brecher's history and analysis of the huge strike across the steel industry in 1919, which was defeated by a combination of massive repression and undermining by the unions.
Out of the many strikes at the time, the conflict that most held the nation's attention in 1919 was the great strike in steel.
A short history of the nationwide wildcat strike of US rail workers in 1919, which won pay increases despite being viciously undermined by the trade unions.
There were a large number of strikes in 1919, many of which were "outlaw" or wildcat strikes, opposed as heartily by the unions as by the employers. These spread even to such citadels of trade union authority as the printing trades. But the most important of all was on the railroads.
Jeremy Brecher's excellent history of the massive but ultimately unsuccessful boycott and strike by the American Railway Union led by Eugene Debs against the tyrannical Pullman Palace Car Company.
In 1893, the US went through a serious depression, prompting widespread wage cuts and layoffs, which provoked a nationwide strike of miners.