World War I

The letters of Rosa Luxemburg

The most comprehensive collection of letters by Rosa Luxemburg ever published in English.

Class collaboration? - Rudolf Hilferding

Rudolph Hilferding

Article against the collaboration of classes, 8 October 1915.

Mass strikes in Guyana, 1917

Indentured labourers from Southeast Asia in the Caribbean

A short article about the mass strikes of workers in Guyana during World War I. Dockworkers walked out for pay increases amid wartime inflation, sparking nationwide strike action which won big improvements in pay and conditions.

The Christmas truce, 1914 - Steven Johns

British and German troops fraternise, Boxing Day 1914

A short history of the widespread but unofficial truce between British and German troops on the Western front over Christmas, 1914 during World War I.

Wayne Thorpe - El Ferrol, Rio de Janeiro, Zimmerwald, and Beyond: Syndicalist Internationalism, 1914-1918

"International syndicalism is our holy family"(1). Thus declared Die Einigkeit, the journal of the German syndicalist trade unions, on 25 July 1914, on the eve of the outbreak of war in Europe. This declaration constituted not only an identification with syndicalist organizations elsewhere but a pledge to honour labour internationalism in the event of war.

How did the first world war actually end? - Paul Mason

Mutinous sailors, Kiel, 1918

Journalist Paul Mason poses the question of how World War I actually ended, as this question is being roundly ignored amidst the often revisionist and pro-war centenary commemorations.

World War I and 100 years of counterrevolution - Mark Kosman

In 1871, Karl Marx wrote that governments use war as a fraud, a ‘humbug, intended to defer the struggle of the classes’. In 1914, that fraud was so effective that not only most workers but also most Marxists supported their respective nation’s rush to war. Ever since then, governments have used war to defer class struggle and prevent revolution. But this strategy cannot last forever.[1]

Miscellaneous Cartoons: Ernest Riebe

Ernest Riebe immigrated to the United States from his native Germany sometime around the turn of the 20th century. He became an illustrator and cartoonist for the IWW in the 1910's. His most famous creation was the long running series featuring Mr Block a caricature of a Conservative working man detailing his life and prejudices. Here are a few other images he created.

The truth behind Britain’s rush to war, 1914 - Douglas Newton

In all the debates about which country was most responsible for the horrors of World War One, Britain invariably escapes any serious blame. That is until now. Douglas Newton has written the definitive account of Britain’s rush to war in the summer of 1914. It is 'only' a liberal anti-war account but as such a thorough account has never been written before it is still extremely useful. This is the concluding chapter of his book, The darkest days.

Did teenage anarchists trigger World War I? What were the politics of the assassins of Franz Ferdinand on 28 June 1914?

Gavrilo Princip

Notes of interviews between psychoanalyst Dr Martin Pappenheim and Gavrilo Princip, one of the assassins of Franz Ferdinand while he was imprisoned, with an introduction on the political background of the conspirators.